A small courtyard, a terrace, a balcony or even just a wall, are places suitable to build a small garden to produce a number of vegetables, fruit or vegetables. To do this, homeowners do not need to have great knowledge of agriculture, and also has several design alternatives and materials used for the so-called urban gardens.
As already said, you can install an urban garden in any space free and the home land, but all those places must meet a number of minimum conditions to ensure good edible vegetable production:
Exposure to sunlight: For plants with proper growth is necessary that the place is exposed to sunlight for at least six hours. In the event that the chosen place to install an urban garden receives little light, it is advisable to cultivate aromatic species.
Wind Protection: In the event you want to build a garden on the terrace or balcony should be considered if it will be very exposed to winds. In that case, it is recommended to surround it with a fence made with partial shade.
Access to drinking water: The site of the garden should be installed near a source of drinking water to ensure constant watering and secure.
Materials to build a garden city
Riding a home orchard demand the use of one or more containers to deposit the substrate can then choose between those obtained commercially (growing tables, pots, planters) and recycled (wooden boxes, plastic containers into disuse, tire wheels, drums 20 or 200 liters, etc.).
In the case of such recycled materials, they must be washed and cleaned well, so that there are no toxic remnants.
All containers should have good drainage to prevent ponding of water for irrigation or rain. You should also consider the importance of the containers provide good protection against the cold roots, with the wooden or clay which best fulfill this function. Other containers such as recycled tires, claim to be covered with thick plastic to avoid contact of the rubber with the earth.
One of the most interesting variants of this type of cropping system is the Vertical garden, which offer the advantage of occupying much less space, and can even be used to improve the appearance of a wall, especially with edible species will add some ornamental plants and aromatic.
As with other urban systems, there are specialized stores that offer containers and structures to build vertical gardens but also may be resorted to recycling and improvisation to get a garden in a simple and economical.
An example of this is the well known use of plastic bottles, which can be used primarily for farming or leaf aromatic species, because they require some amount of soil to grow.